The European Union has employed a wide set of legal and policy tools in its well-established relations with Colombia, playing the role of a credible and substantive partner in accompanying this Southern American country through a complex process of national reconciliation and socio-economic growth. The long-term implementation of the 2016 Peace Agreement with the FARC is the main challenge, although other needs have emerged, such as the impact of mass emigration from Venezuela, the culture of violence still widespread in various segments of society and institutions, and the persisting discrimination suffered by women. The EU seems to be aware of these complexities and is equipped with various means for sustaining the efforts of local communities, civil society, and State institutions, although there is obviously still room for improvement in policies and approaches. The experience gained by the EU on the ground might be helpful for other international actors.
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