“The evolution of the policy response to jihadi returnees in Europe (2012-2020)”, Thomas Renard (Egmont, Belgium)

The mobilisation of European volunteers for the jihad in Syria and Iraq was unprecedented. Fighters returning to Europe present a serious and multifaceted challenge to Europe, as well as various dilemmas. This book chapter explores the many challenges posed by returnees and reviews some of the main efforts undertaken in Europe to manage them, from detection efforts to prosecution, detention and post-release policies.

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