“The popular mobilisation units as a relief agency: can the Coronavirus pandemic accelerate institutional transformation?”, Tamer Badawi (RSCAS-EUI, Italy)

The coronavirus pandemic is helping the Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) in Iraq to function as an auxiliary relief agency besides its role as a combatant force. In a weakly centralized state such as Iraq, sub-state actors, such as the PMU will spearhead responses to contain crises.

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