“To what extent has the EU Green Deal changed EU energy policies? A Punctuated Equilibrium Theory analysis of the Renewable Energy Directive Revision”, Thibault Besnier (College of Europe, Bruges)

The European Green Deal is supposed to be a game-changer for the Union and in particular its energy policies. The EU is often portrayed as advancing slowly because of the need for consensus in its decision-making process, meaning that game-changers are more the exception than the norm for the EU. This paper will investigate the extent of change brought by the Green Deal on the Union’s energy policymaking, using  Baumgartner and Jones’ punctuated equilibrium theory. It will do so by taking the  Renewable Energy Directive as a case-study and by comparing its several iterations  through a process tracing.

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