On 7 December, the ICDS held a webinar where the Japanese and Estonian experts exchanged their perspectives and insights on the common endeavours to strengthen the full spectrum of deterrence in north-eastern Europe and the Indo-Pacific. How to continuously deliver deterrent effects upon the minds of those who threaten us? What mix of capabilities and what kind of messaging must be put together? How to weave together deterrence against hybrid, conventional, and even nuclear threats? How to ensure strategic partnerships and alliances always remain viable and effective? These and other questions the speakers at the event aimed to address.
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