This essay analyses the current status of Sino-European relations. While trade remains the driving force, disagreements on human rights, on the war in Ukraine and on dealing with the pandemic are at the epicentre of attention. The European Union is subsequently encountered with a critical dilemma on how to respond to new challenges and accordingly shape its approach towards China. While the empowerment of transatlantic relations is a natural development in the current world order, especially after 24 February 2022, the EU needs to prepare different scenarios about the future and assess the future impact of Sino-American antagonism on its interests.
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